The Macedonia flag went through three other phases before becoming the beaming sun it is today. The country and its flag passed through many hands. It struggled with Greece for its history and culture.
The first flag was instated in August of 1944, when the modern state of Macedonia became an official country. The flag was a solid red field with a hollow yellow star. It was flown in what was then called the “Democratic Federal Macedonia.”
In 1945 the country became the People’s Republic of Macedonia and was part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Instead of using the Pan-Slavic colors like the other six constituent republics, it amended the previous flag. This time the hollow star was in the upper left corner of the red field but slightly skewed to the right.
Macedonia gained independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. They deliberated on a new flag until August 1992. This time the red field held the Vergina Sun, a stylized sun with eight main rays and eight secondary rays. Each ray tapers to a point.
Greece believed that the Vergina Sun was a part of its own countries heritage and was offended that Macedonia would use it on their flag. Macedonia’s name and constitution also angered Greece. Greece held a year long economic blockade on the new Republic of Macedonia. They went so far as to ban the use of the Vergina Sun flag at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. At the end of the blockade, the United Nations demanded that Macedonia amend its constitution and change its flag.
So on October 5th, 1995, Macedonia adopted what is now their national flag. It has a red field like all of its predecessors and depicts a yellow sun at its center. This sun has eight broadening rays that extend from the center to the edges of the flag. It was designed by Miroslav Grcev.
The current national flag and the flag of the Vergina Sun were flown together for a few years because of the protests of the people. Conservative Macedonians did not want to give in to Greece or lose what they believe to be a part of their history. A vote was held to determine whether the new flag would really be accepted amidst so much debate. Only 56% of the citizens agreed to it. The Assembly, however, voted largely in the new flag’s favor.