Turks and Caicos is a tiny island nation located in the Caribbean. To the east, there’s Cuba, and to the north, the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
The Europeans arrived there in the early 16th century. Eventually, the islands had gotten under the British control. The islands still remain as a British Overseas Territory.
Prior to the European colonization, the islands were occupied by Amerindians. Later, during the colonial era, many African slaves were brought to the islands.
The name of the nation comes from Turk’s head cactus, while the word Caicos is based on Lucayan term “caya hico.” It refers to a string of islands.
The current flag of Turks and Caicos has been adapted in 1968. The flag has a Union Jack (the flag of the United Kingdom) in the canton (upper left corner), and the background of the flag is a blue ensign. (This is common with other British territories and former colonies.)
On the right side of the flag, there’s a yellow shield which contains a conch shell, a lobster, and a cactus. The first two represent local fishing industry, while the cactus represent local flora.
Prior to 1968, the nation’s flag also contained a blue background but with a circular badge, which contained a ship offshore and a man working on the beach between salt piles. On the badge, the name of the islands was written.
As of this day, this small nation of fewer than 50,000, still keeps its ties to Britain, as the Union Jack shows. There is Governor’s flag as well that looks like a flag of the United Kingdom, but has the yellow badge (also containing shell, lobster, and cactus) in the center.
The islands have their Coat of Arms as well. It contains a pelican on the top of two sisal plants. Below, there’s a badge containing a shell, lobster, and cactus. To the right and to left of the badge, there’s a pelican. The sisal plants represent the rope industry.
The symbols (flag, coat of arms, and a badge) of Turks and Caicos are based on two major themes. One is a tie to the United Kingdom; the other refers to local flora and fauna.