Tajikistan’s beautiful flag reflects its fascinating history and the close ties the country shares with Russia and Iran. Approximately 80% of Tajikistan’s population belong to the Tajik ethnic group. Uzbek, Russian, Tatar and other minorities reside within Tajikistan, too.
Afghanistan border landlocked Tajikistan to the south, China to the east, and Kyrgyzstan to the north, and Uzbekistan to the west. Many flags flew over this region in the past.
The flag of Tajikistan today contains three horizontal stripes of red, white and green. The red band on top and the green band on the bottom share the same height, and their combined width equals that of the central, broader, middle band. It displays a golden crown in the center, beneath an arc of seven gold stars. Adopted on November 24, 1992, this flag celebrates the independence and sovereignty of Tajikistan.
Each color in the flag holds symbolic meaning. Red signifies state sovereignty, and national independence. White denotes cotton, and purity. Green represents agriculture, and abundance. That color also carries strong associations with the religion of Islam, the predominant faith in the region. The crown itself symbolizes the people of Tajikistan and their national unity.
The flag of Tajikistan carries some interesting parallels with with that of Iran, a very influential nation in the country’s history. The flags of Iran and Tajikistan share the same colors, except the red and green bands have been reversed and Iran’s flag displays a different crest in its central white field. The similarity possibly relates closely to Tajikistan’s history. For many centuries, Persian-speaking Tajikistan formed part of the vast Persian Empire. It later became one of the holdings within the empire of Alexander the Great.
The modern flag also reflects close ties with Russia, which assumed control over much of the land that later formed Tajikistan during the 1860s. Following the Communist Revolution, Tajikistan in 1924 joined the U.S.S.R. as an autonomous republic administered by the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. It became a separate Soviet Republic in 1929. Tajikistan became independent in 1991.
The colors used in the modern flag of Tajikistan first appeared in a flag adopted by the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic on March 20, 1953. That flag displayed a red horizontal band over the top half, above stripes of broad white, narrow green and broad red. A Communist hammer and sickle appeared on the far left side of the upper red band.