Settled in between Bulgaria and Ukraine, the beautiful nation of Romania is well known for its historic castles and gorgeous scenery. Its landscape isn’t the only thing striking about Romania, though.The country also happens to have one of the most eye-catching flags around. Keep reading to learn more about the incredible history of this special flag.
The Romanian flag is a tricolor of three bold shades, blue on the right, yellow in the middle, and red on the left. The colors have a long history of significance for Romanians. Beginning as early as the sixteenth century, shields and crests were decorated with the colors of red, yellow, and blue to represent the land to neighboring and visiting countries. These colors were nearly the same as they appear on the flag today. The only exception was that the yellow was much more pale, almost pastel in appearance.
These colors were initially chosen most likely because of how well they complemented each other. But by the early 1800s, Romanian revolutionaries attributed political meanings to the colors for the first time in history. They chose the following meanings for each color- liberty for blue, justice for yellow, and camaraderie for red. Not yet an independent nation, Romania was at the time two separate territories, Wallachia and Moldavia, under rule by the Ottoman Empire. These territories joined together to form the United Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia which would later become present day Romania.
During an uprising by the revolutionaries in 1821, the revolutionaries proudly waved these colors in the form of a flag. Though the uprising was suppressed by the Ottomans and the revolutionaries did not achieve independence at the time, the flag that they carried would become the prototype that the Romanian flag would later be based on. It, too, was a tricolor. The difference was that the colors were designed horizontally on the flag with red on top, yellow in the middle, and blue on the bottom. In 1867 when Romania was finally granted independence, the country adopted the current flag design displayed in Romania today.
If the Romanian flag happens to remind one of the French national flag, that might not be a coincidence. Scholars speculate that the French flag’s tricolor design was indeed an inspiration for the Romanian flag. Interestingly enough, the Romanian flag doesn’t just bear similarities to the French flag. Purely by coincidence, the flag of the nation of Chad is almost exactly the same as the Romanian flag.