Norfolk Island is a small island in the Pacific Ocean, located off the coast of Australia. It is set between New Zealand and New Caledonia. The Norfolk Island Flag is straight forward and iconic, boldly evoking a strong, national connection to the island’s natural resources.
The flag of the Norfolk Islands is divided into three vertical strips, two of green and one of white in the center, in a design commonly referred to as a triband. On that center strip is depicted the distinctive Norfolk Island Pine, also in green. It became the national flag on June 6th in the year 1979, after receiving a stamp of approval by the Norfolk Island Council. This is also the date when Norfolk Island achieved self-governance, to date the only one of the three islands to do so. The island government still retains steady ties with it’s parent nation, however and is occasionally subject to oversight.
The Norfolk Island Flag did not become official until the 17th of January, 1980.
The large green pine in the center of the flag features one of the islands primary exports, the Norfolk Island Pine. This signature evergreen is a major source of income for the island’s populace, being popular as a decoration on the Australian Mainland as well as other places in the world. The large pines are fairly unusual for such a tropic climate, however Norfolk’s weather is comparatively warm and mild as opposed to mainland Australia and many of the other nearby islands. With such a strong economic connection to it’s natural resources, the island boasts a healthy environment to attract tourism. The Norfolk Island National Park covers a whole 10% of the islands total surface.
Like Australia, Norfolk Island was originally established as a territory of Great Britain. It’s main purpose was as a penal colony, receiving ships full of soldiers and convicts to populate the island so it could be used as a reliable supply post for trading or personnel ships headed either towards Australia or deeper into the Pacific.
Norfolk Island’s Flag is fairly recent, the island only achieving self-governance fairly recently in terms of nation’s histories. As such there have been no significant alterations to it’s design.