The flag of Lesotho is a horizontal tricolor with blue, white and green bands from top to bottom. In the center of the flag is a black Basotho hat, or mokorotlo. The flag was adopted in October of 2006. The Basotho hat represents the Sotho people who primarily inhabit South Africa and Lesotho, which is within South Africa. The blue in the Lesotho flag represents the sky and the rain that falls from it. The white represents peace and the green represents the land, or alternatively, prosperity.
Lesotho has a number of previous flags, the first of which was introduced in 1966. This was the year that Lesotho gained independence from the United Kingdom. That flag had two vertical bands on the left side of the flag. The first was green, the second was red. The red in the flag represented faith. The rest of the flag was blue and in the center was a large white Basotho hat. This flag was Lesetho’s national flag until 1987.
The next flag of Lesotho came into being in 1987 after the Basotho National Party was taken out of power through a military coup. This flag was a diagonal flag with a white triangle forming half of the flag starting in the top left, then the second half was a smaller green triangle and then a diagonal blue band on top of it. In the left hand corner of the flag was a brown Basotho shield with a lance and club. The green triangle in this flag stood for prosperity. This flag stood until 2006 when a new design was approved by the National Assembly, which is the modern Lesotho flag.
The earliest flags of Lesotho were the colonial flags representing Basutoland. The first one appeared in 1884 and was a blue ensign with the Union Jack in the upper left hand corner. In roughly the right center of the flag was a green shield on a white circle background. On the shield was a brown crocodile and gold bundles of wheat on either side of a dead ram. This flag was slightly modified in 1951 with a larger circle and shield. The wheat and ram also became more defined. These were unofficial Lesotho flags, never formally adopted.