India is a country within Asia that has a vast population and a rich and cultured history. The current flag of India was first adopted in 1947, following the Indian independence movement. The flags of most nations can be made from a variety of fabrics, but the Indian flag is unique because it is made from a special type of hand-made silk cloth, called khadi.
The India flag consists of three horizontal stripes with a symbol in the center. The top stripe is saffron, the center stripe is white, and the bottom stripe is green. The symbol within the center of the flag is a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes, which is called the Ashoka Chakra. Though the size of the Ashokra Chakra is not technically specified, it is always within the center of the flag, and the flag must always be 1.5 times longer than it is wide.
The flag of India was designed by Pingali Venkaya to symbolize many things. The golden-orange color of the saffron stripe is meant to represent courage and sacrifice, which are traits that all leaders in India should have. The white stripe symbolizes peace and truth, and some also believe that it also represents the pure life that all people should strive to live. The green stripe of the flag is a symbol for faith, life, and chivalry. The wheel in the center of the flag has a long and symbolic history, and it is linked to many important Indian philosophies about law, order, and change.
The modern India flag was created as a compromise between many suggested flags. When India first realized that it could gain independence from Great Britain, the new nation quickly began to come up with ideas for a flag that could represent their country. Ghandi suggested that the flag contain a spinning wheel, to represent the self-sufficiency of the cloth-weavers of India. Some people proposed a flag with a Hindu religion icon, while others wanted a white flag that would not offend the Muslims and Buddhists who also make up the Indian population. Eventually, the current design, which combined aspects from many popular flag proposals, was unanimously approved. Indians chose this design because it represented the important principles of all the various cultures and religions within India.