The national flag for the country of Guinea in West Africa was adopted on the tenth of November 1958. The Republic of Guinea became an independent, sovereign nation on October 2, 1958, when the country declared its independence from France.
From left to right, red, yellow and green are the three vertical stripes that make up the Guinea flag. These colors were adopted by the African Democratic Assembly, the political party that decolonized the French empire in Africa. The design and color scheme of the flag is influenced by the flag of Ghana. These colors are adopted to show “the continuation of the human emancipation movement.” Travail, justice and solidarite make up the motto that the Republic of Guinea has adopted; they are represented by the triad of colors on the flag.
Red, yellow and green are pan-African colors that are symbolic of the unification of the African nations. Red symbolizes the blood of the martyrs who fought for independence from France. It also stands for the common day laborers and is the wish for progress. Thus, red represents the first word: “Travail”. Yellow symbolizes the abundance of mineral resources including gold, as well as the bright sun overhead. It is a source of generosity and equality in all men. Thus, yellow represents the second word: “Justice”. Green is representative of the lush vegetation and other natural resources, and symbolizes prosperity that comes from the soil and subsoil, and the toil of the masses in the country. Therefore, green is the final word of the motto: “Solidarite”(Solidarity).
Freedom is the national anthem of the Republic of Guinea and is represented by the flag. Before 1958, Guinea was a French colony administered by a lieutenant governor. As a colony. Guinea supplied slaves and precious mineral resources like baurite. Following the collapse of the French Fourth Republic, due to instability and colonial uprisings, French president Charles de Gaulle of the Fifth Republic pronounced on August 8, 1958, that each colony was to either have more autonomy in a new French community or be completely independent. At the referendum on September 28, 1958, under leadership of Ahmed Sekou Toure, Guinea voted for independence and became a sovereign nation. The Guinea flag commemorates this achievement of freedom from French rule.