The red background on Grenada’s national flag signifies the courage of the people who have inhabited this tiny island beginning with the Carib Indians and extending through French and British colonization. Their endurance in the long wait for independence characterizes their culture. When the official flag of the country was adopted on February 7, 1974, the red base told the story of a tough, persevering, and victorious people.
Grenadians also have a soft side. They are smart and friendly; these traits are represented by the yellow sections on the flag’s interior. The five-part rectangle at the banner’s center features two yellow triangles symbolizing both wisdom and warmth. Their green counterparts at the left and right of the inner rectangle stand for vegetation. Since the island boasts of warm temperatures, heavy rainfall, and rich soil, many tropical fruits grow there. The agricultural production includes bananas, mangoes, coconuts, and limes as well as spices like cinnamon, ginger, pepper, and cloves. Even vanilla and cocoa have a place among Grenada’s crops. The most recognized product of the island, however, is nutmeg. The seed ranks so high in importance for the nation that its image appears within the flag’s left green hoist lying within the central rectangle. The small clove of nutmeg is yellow with a red leaf.
Grenada is divided into six parishes besides its capital city. At the midpoint of the national banner’s inner rectangle rests a small red circle encasing a gold star to represent St. George’s. Six smaller stars, also in gold, recognize the parishes. Three of the six stars are aligned along the top edge of the flag while the other three line up along the bottom. The Grenadian flag, with its cultural references and notable emblems, was designed by Anthony C. George from St. Andrew Parish. Except for the colors green and yellow, very few similarities exist between the island’s current flag and its previous pennant. From 1877 to 1967, Grenada was a state of the British Commonwealth and flew a striped flag. The decision to remodel the Grenada flag in its entirety after the gain of independence reflects the change in the society’s perspective and direction.