Adopted in 1920, the flag of the Czech Republic is the same flag that was used by Czechoslovakia until its dissolution in 1992. The flag features three colors, red, white, and blue. There are two equal horizontal stripes, with a white stripe on top of a red stripe. At the hoist, there is a blue isosceles triangle. The tip of the triangle extends to the half way point of the horizontal stripes. According to old Czech traditions, the white symbolizes the peaceful nature of the Czech Republic people. Red represents the valor and courage of the people, and blue represents truth, loyalty, and vigilance.
In 1918, when Czechoslovakia gained its independence, the county adopted the flag of Bohemia as their nation’s flag. This flag featured two, equal horizontal bands of white over red. The flag looked identical to Poland’s flag. The people of the new nation though, began calling for a new flag of their own. The current design was created by Jaroslav Kursa, and was chosen by a committee tasked with selecting a new national flag. Based on the coat of arms of Bohemia, which features a white lion on a red background, Kursa chose to keep the traditional red and white colors. Since the flag was officially adopted on March 30, 1920, it has been constantly in use with two exceptions. First, the flag was banned during the World War II Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia between 1939 and 1945. Following the conclusion of the war, the official Czechoslovakia flag was reinstated. There was also a brief two year period during the Velvet Revolution, between 1990 and 1992, when the previous red and white flag of Bohemia was used.
During the 1992 dissolution of Czechoslovakia, it was decided in negotiations that no state symbols of the former Czechoslovakia were to be used in either of the successor states. The Czech Republic violated this legislation and opted to continue to use the flag of Czechoslovakia to represent their own nation. The Czech Republic later passed legislation of their own overruling this previous agreement which allowed them to use the flag. Slovakia, the other resultant country from the dissolution, created their own new national flag.