Cambodia is a country located in southeast Asia with a population of over fifteen millionpeople. Cambodia has experienced a significant number of changes over the years, from being a protectorate of France in 1863 to its independence in 1948. Similarly, its flag has changed many times over the years to reflect the changes in the country’s status.
The flag of Cambodia has a thick blue border on the top and bottom of it, with a center area of red. On the red central area is a depiction of the Angkor Wat which is a temple complex in Cambodia, and the largest religious monument in the world. The building is centered on the flag and is all white, but it is outlined in black. The Cambodian flag is only one of two flags in the world to to feature a building on it. (The other country is Afghanistan). Additionally, the red and blue used in the flag were chosen because they are traditional Cambodian colors, the blue representing liberty, cooperation, and brotherhood, while the red represents bravery.
The flag of Cambodia has changed many times over the years. During the time that France was the protectorate of Cambodia, from about 1863-1948, the Cambodian flag was similar to the current flag with the red center area and the Angkor Wat depiction, but it had a blue border around all four sides of the flag. During a brief eight month period in 1945, while Japan occupied Cambodia, the flag was red with a white square design in the center.
The flag of Cambodia looked exactly like the current flag during the years between 1948 and 1970, however, it changed several times before it was re-adopted in 1993. For example, from 1970-1975, the country changed its name to the Khmar Republic. It flew a flag that was blue with the white Angkor Wat on a red rectangle in the top, left hand corner, and 3 horizontal stars on the top right side. And, during the bloody, war-filled years between 1975 and 1979, the country was called Kampuchea and flew a red flag with the Angkor Wat. The flag had other subtle changes until, in 1991, the United Nations became a protectorate of Cambodia to enforce a cease-fire in that country and to help the many refugees. For about a year, Cambodia flew the flag of the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia, a flag that was derived from the United Nations flag.
The country of Cambodia, along with its flag has had numerous changes over its, often troubled, history. Because the country has changed hands, and been overthrown, so the Cambodia flag has changed as well. Today, Cambodian life has improved some for its people, who look forward to even more positive change in the future.