Burundi is a country located in the eastern part of Africa. It is a landlocked country, though one side of it borders on the Tanganyika Lake. Its people include the Tutsi, Hutu, and Twa. Burundi was a colony of Belgium, until 1962, when it gained its independence. Over the years, Burundi has experienced unrest and civil wars that have left the country extremely poor and undeveloped. Despite this, Burundi has adopted a national flag.
Burundi’s flag shows a white cross that goes diagonally from corner to corner. In the background of the cross, the colors alternate red and green so that the top and bottom of the flag are red, and the left and right sides are green. In the center of the cross, there is a white circle. Inside the circle are three six-pointed stars. The stars are all red with a green outline around them.
The colors on the Burundi flag represent specific aspects of the country. For instance, the red signifies all of the blood and unrest that the country has endured over many years. The green represents the hope for the future with much development taking place. The white of the cross and circle represent the peace they hope to have. Additionally, the three stars in the middle represent the three native people of Burundi, the Hutu, the Titsu, and the Twa. The three stars also represent the three elements of Burundi, Unity, Work, and Progress that is seen on the country’s national Coat of Arms.
The flag of Burundi went through a few changes over the years. Prior to 1924, Burundi was a part of the German East Africa, flying the German flag. After Germany’s defeat in World War I, Belgium took over the rule of Burundi and they flew the Belgium flag. Burundi became an independent nation in 1962. At the time of independence, Burundi adopted a flag that is similar to the one they fly at present. The only difference was that instead of the three stars in the center of the white circle, they had a picture of a drum, which is a symbol of royalty, and a sorghum plant, a symbol of prosperity. This flag was used from 1962-1966. It is also reported that there may have been some possible color changes during this time, especially in the picture of the drum on the flag. The current flag with the six pointed stars was adopted in 1967 and is still currently the one that is used.
Despite Burundi’s history of change and unrest, they have chosen to fly a flag that is representative of thie history and the people that inhabit its land. Burundi, a poor African nation, has overcome some obstacles and, though they have many more to work on, they are a proud nation with hopes for the future.