Burma Flag

Burma Flag

The current flag of Burma, now officially called the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, was adopted in October, 2010. The new Burma flag replaced the former which had been in use since 1974. The design of the new flag features three, equal, horizontal stripes in yellow, green, and red. There is a large, white, five-pointed star in the center of the flag. The three colors of the flag represent solidarity, peace and tranquility, and courage and decisiveness. The large white star symbolizes the Union of Burma.

During government upheavals and changes it was proposed in 2006 during a constitutional convention to create a new design for the flag. The proposed flag would have been similar to the modern day flag. The design had three horizontal stripes in green, yellow and red, and a smaller five-pointed star positioned in the upper left hand corner of the flag. This design was revamped in 2007 with what is currently used. The order of the three colors was changed to yellow, green, and red to reflect the flag that was used to represent the State of Burma during the Japanese occupation of Burma during World War II. The larger five-pointed star, representing the Union of Burma, was adopted in the middle to replace the traditional peacock used to represent Burma in past flags.

The history of Burma’s flag design directly reflects the history of the country. Early flags from Burma depicted the traditional green peacock, a symbol used by Burma’s monarchs. The green peacock was continued through the British colonial times and was often included with the Union Flag. The peacock was used until the conclusion of World War II, when Burma gained its independence. The new flag adopted the white five-pointed star representing the Union of Burma. This flag was eventually replaced when the socialist government took power in Burma. A new Burma flag which included rice, representing agriculture and industry, as well as 14 stars, representing the 14 member states of the union. This flag endured from 1974 to 2010 and even outlasted the change from the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (1974-1989) to the Union of Myanmar (1989-2010). With the introduction of a new official name, the current flag seen today was also adopted.