The present Bulgarian flag has three colors that are in the form of equal sized horizontal bands. The flag was adopted for the first time after Bulgaria gained independence following the Russo-Turkish war that took place in the years 1877-1878. The national flag of Bulgaria used to be charged with the emblem of the state, especially during the era of the People’s Republic of Bulgaria. The colors are white at the top, green and red is on the bottom. These colors are symbolic; green stands for tranquility, and it signifies hope at spreading love and joy so as to provide tranquility to every person. Red shows that the country believes in toughness, power, fearlessness and guts. Lastly, the white color represents honesty and peace.
After the Russo-Turkish war that took place in the years of 1877-1878, Bulgaria was liberated, and its flag was defined in the Tarnovo Constitution of 1879 to contain the above three colors. From the year 1948 up to the year 1990, the Bulgarian flag had an emblem that belonged to the People’s Republic of Bulgaria placed on its left side on the white stripe. This emblem had the image of a lion that had a wreath of wheat ears under a five-pointed star that was red in color together with a ribbon that bore the year 681. This was the year the First Bulgarian Empire was established by Asparukh. The year 1944 was also included which marked the year Fatherland Front took over power that eventually lead to the People’s Republic of Bulgaria being established.
The adoption of the fourth and current Bulgarian Constitution on July 13th, 1991 specified the specifications of the Bulgarian flag especially in article 166. This article states that the Bulgarian flag would have three colors; white-green-red in that order from top of the flag going down and that each of this stripe should be horizontally placed over each other. The Bulgarian State Seal and National Flag Act brought with it additional regulations about the national flag. The stripes had to be identical both in size and form. They also provided specifications for the flag’s form and measurement. They specified that the Bulgarian flag ought to be a rectangle that has a ratio of 3:5 for its width and length. It can be of sizes 18 by 30, 90 by 150, 24 by 40 and 129 by 215 in centimeters. The white stripe ought to be 80% pure, the green to be color #17 5936 and the red stripe to be # 18 1664 regarding a textile scale known as Pantone.