Aruba is a small island country in the Southern Caribbean Sea. Aruba is one of the four constituent countries that form the Kingdom of the Netherlands, along with Curacao, St. Marten and the Netherlands. Aruba gained freedom from the Netherlands on March 18, 1976, after drafting their constitution and submitting Aruba’s right to autonomous status.
Aruba’s national flag was officially adopted on March 18, 1976. This was the day that Aruba gained freedom from the Kingdom of the Netherlands and now celebrates their national holiday of Flag and Anthem Day. The design of the flag was selected from over 700 entries into a competition for the island’s new flag. A Flag Commission was brought together to help design the flag and to make sure the guidelines for the new flag were being followed. The Flag Commission used a variety of the designs that were submitted to the competition to create their finished product. Aruba’s flag consists of a blue background with two yellow horizontal strips towards the bottom and a red star, outlined in white, located in the top left hand corner. Each color contained within the flag holds significance and represents something that Aruba prides itself with. The color blue represents the surrounding seas around Aruba, while the color yellow represents Aruba’s industries in oil, aloe and gold, along with the country’s abundant history. The color red symbolizes the love that the people of Aruba hold for their country, along with Aruba’s ancient industry in Brazilwood. The color red also represents the rich, red soil that is present throughout Aruba. The color white represents Aruba’s people who strive for justice, liberty and order, as well as symbolizing the pure white beaches the country is known for. The star on the flag represents the island itself and the four points of the star are symbolic of the four points on a compass, with the island bringing people in from around the world. The four pointed star also represents the four major languages spoken in Aruba; Papiamento, Spanish, English and Dutch. The two horizontal yellow stripes are symbolic of freedom of Aruba from the Kingdom of the Netherlands, after Aruba’s right to autonomous status was approved.